(SKU:TOY0058)BMP180 大气压强传感器

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2015年7月23日 (四) 14:53Dfrobot-bj讨论 | 贡献的版本

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模拟气体传感器 (SKU:DFR0049)

目录

概述

如今在电子市场上,具有GPS功能的导航设备越来越多。借助全球卫星定位系统可以判定设备的经纬平面所处位置,但是无法得知目前的海拔高度。不过这一难题随着微型高精度气压传感器的出现而有望得以解决。 Bosch Sensortec开发出一款智能,超小体积,高精度数字传感器BMP180,适合智能的高精度测量和数据采集,输出高精度的压力(或高度)和温度测量数据。可与加速度计相互搭配,在没有GPS讯号的环境下,提供可靠的楼层侦测能力,以实现三维(3D)室内导航。

  • 本传感器可以检测:温度,大气压强,海拔高度。

技术指标

工作电压:5V

工作范围:-40~+85 ℃

压强精度:0.12hPa/m

接口类型:4pin 排针和 1.27间距 IDC10座

引脚定义

气压.png
 如图,模块共有4个引脚,从上到下是5V,GND,SCL,SDA。模块可以通过I2C和单片机通信,5V供电。


特性曲线

TOY0058 characteristic curve.png


简单例程

目标:测出当前环境下的大气压强和计算出芯片的海拔高度

1.先连接芯片与单片机(通过I2C接口),按照如下图的方式连接。

气压连接.png

2.然后UNO通过usb与PC电脑连接。
3.拷贝以下的代码烧录进单片机。

标准代码

/**************************************************************************************/
           /**********************DFRobot.com*****************************/
/***write by Tom Riddler          Jun.16.14***/
/***if you got any progream,please contact me terminaterfxy@hotmail.com***/

#include <Wire.h>
#define BMP180ADD 0xEE>>1  // I2C address of BMP180  
                           //write is (0xEE)     read is (0xEF)       
unsigned char OSS;                            
/**********************MSB      LSB******/
int ac1;           // 0xAA     0xAB
int ac2;           // 0xAC     0xAD
int ac3;           // 0xAE     0xAE
unsigned int ac4;  // 0xB0     0xB1
unsigned int ac5;  // 0xB2     0xB3
unsigned int ac6;  // 0xB4     0xB5
int b1;            // 0xB6     0xB7
int b2;            // 0xB8     0xB9
int mb;            // 0xBA     0xBB
int mc;            // 0xBC     0xBD
int md;            // 0xBE     0xBF
float temperature;  
double pressure;   
double pressure2;
long b5;          
double altitude;  



void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Wire.begin();
  OSS = 2;  // Oversampling Setting           0: single    1: 2 times    2: 4 times   3: 8 times 
  BMP180start();
}

void loop()
{
  calculate();
  show();
  delay(1000);
}

/** calculate centure **/
void calculate()
{
  temperature = bmp180GetTemperature(bmp180ReadUT());
  temperature = temperature*0.1;
  pressure = bmp180GetPressure(bmp180ReadUP());
  pressure2 = pressure/101325;
  pressure2 = pow(pressure2,0.19029496);
  altitude = 44330*(1-pressure2);                            //altitude = 44330*(1-(pressure/101325)^0.19029496);
}

/** print reslut **/
void show()
{
  Serial.print("Temperature: ");
  Serial.print(temperature, 1);                            //10 hexadecimal
  Serial.println(" C");
  Serial.print("Pressure: ");
  Serial.print(pressure, 0);                               //10 hexadecimal
  Serial.println(" Pa");
  Serial.print("altitude:");
  Serial.print(altitude);
  Serial.println("m");
}

/**BMP180 satrt program**/
void BMP180start()
{                     /*MSB*/
  ac1 = bmp180ReadDate(0xAA);                      //get full data
  ac2 = bmp180ReadDate(0xAC);  
  ac3 = bmp180ReadDate(0xAE);  
  ac4 = bmp180ReadDate(0xB0);  
  ac5 = bmp180ReadDate(0xB2);  
  ac6 = bmp180ReadDate(0xB4);  
  b1  = bmp180ReadDate(0xB6);  
  b2  = bmp180ReadDate(0xB8);  
  mb  = bmp180ReadDate(0xBA);  
  mc  = bmp180ReadDate(0xBC);  
  md  = bmp180ReadDate(0xBE);
}

/***BMP180 temperature Calculate***/
short bmp180GetTemperature(unsigned int ut)
{
  long x1, x2;
  x1 = (((long)ut - (long)ac6)*(long)ac5) >> 15;  //x1=((ut-ac6)*ac5)/(2^15)
  x2 = ((long)mc << 11)/(x1 + md);                //x2=(mc*2^11)/(x1+md)
  b5 = x1 + x2;                                   //b5=x1+x2
  return ((b5 + 8)>>4);                           //t=(b5+8)/(2^4)
}

/***BMP180 pressure Calculate***/

long bmp180GetPressure(unsigned long up)
{
  long x1, x2, x3, b3, b6, p;
  unsigned long b4, b7;
  
  b6 = b5 - 4000;

  x1 = (b2 * (b6 * b6)>>12)>>11;
  x2 = (ac2 * b6)>>11;
  x3 = x1 + x2;
  b3 = (((((long)ac1)*4 + x3)<<OSS) + 2)>>2;
  
  x1 = (ac3 * b6)>>13;
  x2 = (b1 * ((b6 * b6)>>12))>>16;
  x3 = ((x1 + x2) + 2)>>2;
  b4 = (ac4 * (unsigned long)(x3 + 32768))>>15;
  
  b7 = ((unsigned long)(up - b3) * (50000>>OSS));
  if (b7 < 0x80000000)
    p = (b7<<1)/b4;
  else
    p = (b7/b4)<<1;
    
  x1 = (p>>8) * (p>>8);
  x1 = (x1 * 3038)>>16;
  x2 = (-7357 * p)>>16;
  p += (x1 + x2 + 3791)>>4;
  
  return p;
}


/*** Read 1 bytes from the BMP180  ***/

int bmp180Read(unsigned char address)
{
  unsigned char data;
  
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP180ADD);
  Wire.write(address);
  Wire.endTransmission();
  
  Wire.requestFrom(BMP180ADD, 1);
  while(!Wire.available());
    
  return Wire.read();
}

/*** Read 2 bytes from the BMP180 ***/
int bmp180ReadDate(unsigned char address)
{
  unsigned char msb, lsb;
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP180ADD);
  Wire.write(address);
  Wire.endTransmission();
  Wire.requestFrom(BMP180ADD, 2);
  while(Wire.available()<2);
  msb = Wire.read();
  lsb = Wire.read();
  return (int) msb<<8 | lsb;
}

/*** read uncompensated temperature value ***/
unsigned int bmp180ReadUT()
{
  unsigned int ut;
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP180ADD);
  Wire.write(0xF4);                       // Write 0x2E into Register 0xF4
  Wire.write(0x2E);                       // This requests a temperature reading
  Wire.endTransmission();  
  delay(5);                               // Wait at least 4.5ms
  ut = bmp180ReadDate(0xF6);               // read MSB from 0xF6 read LSB from (16 bit)
  return ut;
}

/*** Read uncompensated pressure value from BMP180 ***/
unsigned long bmp180ReadUP()
{
  unsigned char msb, lsb, xlsb;
  unsigned long up = 0;
  
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP180ADD);
  Wire.write(0xF4);                        // Write 0x34+(OSS<<6) into register 0xF4
  Wire.write(0x34 + (OSS<<6));             // 0x34+oss*64
  Wire.endTransmission(); 
  delay(2 + (3<<OSS));                     // Wait for conversion, delay time dependent on OSS
  
  Wire.beginTransmission(BMP180ADD);
  Wire.write(0xF6);                        // Read register 0xF6 (MSB), 0xF7 (LSB), and 0xF8 (XLSB)
  Wire.endTransmission();
  
  Wire.requestFrom(BMP180ADD, 3); 
  while(Wire.available() < 3);             // Wait for data to become available
  msb = Wire.read();
  lsb = Wire.read();
  xlsb = Wire.read();
  up = (((unsigned long) msb << 16) | ((unsigned long) lsb << 8) | (unsigned long) xlsb) >> (8-OSS);//16 to 19 bit
  return up;
}

4.打开串口调试助手可以看到参数。

测出的.png



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