IO Expansion HAT for Raspberry Pi

简介

IO Expansion HAT是一款专为Raspberry Pi开发的IO扩展板,扩展板将树莓派IO口均引出,包含数字端口、模拟端口、PWM端口、I2C端口、UART端口、SPI端口、IIS端口,完美兼容DFRobot的Gravity传感器系列产品,为使用树莓派省去繁琐的接线和故障排除,让学生、开发者、科研工作者可以专注实现自己的项目。 Raspberry Pi的GPIO电平最高为3.3V,该扩展板除了支持3.3V供电的传感器或功能模组外还支持更多产品的使用,以满足你的项目所需:

技术规格

接口说明

注意:

此扩展板上GPIO编号采用BCM编玛

VP端未外部供电时,PWM端口 ⊕ 电压为5V

VP端外部供电时,PWM端口 ⊕ 电压为VP外部电压6~12V

教程

教程

端口及学习指导

数字端口:IO扩展板提供了D0~D27二十八组数字端口,通过树莓派GPIO口(BCM编码)的GPIO0~GPIO27引出。 GPIO学习指导
模拟端口:IO扩展板提供了A0~A3四组模拟端口,扩展板板载MCU STM32,提供12位的ADC,模拟传感器的电压输入12-bit ADC,在模拟数据转换成数字数据后,通过I2C通信将数据发送给树莓派。 下载例程
PWM端口:IO扩展板提供了四组PWM端口,连接到STM32的PWM端,树莓派通过I2C通讯将数据发送给STM32实现控制。VP端可外部供电6~12V到PWM端口⊕,当未供电时⊕电压为3.3V。 下载例程
UART端口:IO扩展板提供一组UART接口,通过树莓派GPIO口(BCM编码)的GPIO14(TXD)和GPIO15(RXD)引出。 UART学习指导
I2C端口:IO扩展板提供了三组I2C接口,通过树莓派I2C(BCM编码)的GPIO2(SDA.1)和GPIO3(SCL.1)引出。 I2C学习指导
IIS端口: IO扩展板提供了一组IIS接口,通过树莓派GPIO口(BCM编码)的GIO21(SCK)、GPIO20(DIN)、GPIO19(LCK)、GPIO18(BCK)引出。
SPI端口: IO扩展板直接引出树莓派的一组SPI接口,通过树莓派GPIO口(BCM编码)的GPIO10(MOSI)和GPIO9(MISO)、GPIO11(SCLK)、GPIO8(SS)引出。 SPI学习指导
5V电源端口: IO扩展板引出了四组5V电源供电端口,用于满足特殊传感器需要5V供电时使用。

例程

本例程是讲如何在树莓派上扩展板上使用各类端口的传感器。

I2C使用步骤和程序运行介绍

打开终端(Terminal),键入如下指令,并回车:

sudo raspi-config

依次“键盘回车键”选择:【 Interfacing Options 】(或者【 Advanced Options 】)->【 I2C 】->【 Yes 】->【 OK 】->【 Finish 】: step 1 step 2

step 3step 4

在终端中,依次键入如下指令,并回车:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev python-smbus git

在终端中,依次键入如下指令,并回车:

cd ~
git clone https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board.git

方式1:输入命令

cd DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board/raspberry
python demo_adc.py

方式2:在树莓派系统打开Thonny Python IDE可在下载的文件夹看到下载后的库。 打开软件

I2C使用例程

Gravity:IO Expansion HAT for Raspberry Pi 有3路I2C端口,通过树莓派(BCM编码)直接引出。

以SEN0290 Gravity:闪电传感器为例, 点击下载闪电传感器库文件 或者在终端中,依次键入如下指令,并回车:

cd ~
git clone https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_AS3935.git

下载后运行DFRobot_AS3935_ordinary程序

# file DFRobot_AS3935_ordinary.py
#
# SEN0290 Lightning Sensor
# This sensor can detect lightning and display the distance and intensity of the lightning within 40 km
# It can be set as indoor or outdoor mode.
# The module has three I2C, these addresses are:
# AS3935_ADD1  0x01   A0 = 1  A1 = 0
# AS3935_ADD2  0x02   A0 = 0  A1 = 1
# AS3935_ADD3  0x03   A0 = 1  A1 = 1
#
#
# Copyright    [DFRobot](http://www.dfrobot.com), 2018
# Copyright    GNU Lesser General Public License
#
# version  V1.0
# date  2018-11-28

import sys
sys.path.append('../')
import time
from DFRobot_AS3935_Lib import DFRobot_AS3935
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
from datetime import datetime

#I2C address
AS3935_I2C_ADDR1 = 0X01
AS3935_I2C_ADDR2 = 0X02
AS3935_I2C_ADDR3 = 0X03

#Antenna tuning capcitance (must be integer multiple of 8, 8 - 120 pf)
AS3935_CAPACITANCE = 96
IRQ_PIN = 7

#Indoor/outdoor mode selection
AS3935_INDOORS = 0
AS3935_OUTDOORS = 1
AS3935_MODE = AS3935_INDOORS

#Enable/disable disturber detection
AS3935_DIST_DIS = 0
AS3935_DIST_EN = 1
AS3935_DIST = AS3935_DIST_EN

GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BOARD)

sensor = DFRobot_AS3935(AS3935_I2C_ADDR3, bus = 1)
if (sensor.reset()):
    print("init sensor sucess.")
else:
    print("init sensor fail")
    while True:
        pass

#Configure sensor sensor.manualCal(AS3935_CAPACITANCE, AS3935_MODE, AS3935_DIST)

# Connect the IRQ and GND pin to the oscilloscope.
# uncomment the following sentences to fine tune the antenna for better performance.
# This will dispaly the antenna's resonance frequency/16 on IRQ pin (The resonance frequency will be divided by 16 on this pin)
# Tuning AS3935_CAPACITANCE to make the frequency within 500/16 kHz plus 3.5% to 500/16 kHz minus 3.5%
#
# sensor.setLcoFdiv(0)
# sensor.setIrqOutputSource(3)

#view all register data
#sensor.printAllRegs()

def callback_handle(channel):
    global sensor
    time.sleep(0.005)
    intSrc = sensor.getInterruptSrc()
    if intSrc == 1:
        lightningDistKm = sensor.getLightningDistKm()
        print('Lightning occurs!')
        print('Distance: %dkm'%lightningDistKm)

        lightningEnergyVal = sensor.getStrikeEnergyRaw()
        print('Intensity: %d '%lightningEnergyVal)
    elif intSrc == 2:
        print('Disturber discovered!')
    elif intSrc == 3:
        print('Noise level too high!')
    else:
        pass

#Set to input mode GPIO.setup(IRQ_PIN, GPIO.IN)

#Set the interrupt pin, the interrupt function, rising along the trigger GPIO.add_event_detect(IRQ_PIN, GPIO.RISING, callback = callback_handle) print("start lightning detect.")

while True: time.sleep(1.0)

- SEN0290_RP3_result.png

舵机控制例程

Gravity:IO Expansion HAT for Raspberry Pi拥有4路PWM接口,方便用户在树莓派上使用

在终端依次键入如下指令回车安装库:

    cd ~
    git clone <https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board.git>

下载后运行demo_servo程序 结果可观察到舵机从0°到180°和180°到0°转动,退出运行可点击键盘:ctrl+c

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-

'''
  # demo_servo.py
  #
  # Connect board with raspberryPi.
  # Run this demo.
  #
  # Connect servo to one of pwm channels
  # All or part servos will move to 0 degree, then move to 180 degree, then loop
  # Test Servo: https://www.dfrobot.com/product-255.html
  # Warning: Servos must connect to pwm channel, otherwise may destory Pi IO
  #
  # Copyright   [DFRobot](http://www.dfrobot.com), 2016
  # Copyright   GNU Lesser General Public License
  #
  # version  V1.0
  # date  2019-3-28
'''

import time

from DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board import DFRobot_Expansion_Board_IIC as Board
from DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board import DFRobot_Expansion_Board_Servo as Servo

board = Board(1, 0x10)    # Select i2c bus 1, set address to 0x10
servo = Servo(board)

''' print last operate status, users can use this variable to determine the result of a function call. '''
def print_board_status():
  if board.last_operate_status == board.STA_OK:
    print("board status: everything ok")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR:
    print("board status: unexpected error")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_DEVICE_NOT_DETECTED:
    print("board status: device not detected")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_PARAMETER:
    print("board status: parameter error")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_SOFT_VERSION:
    print("board status: unsupport board framware version")

if __name__ == "__main__":

  while board.begin() != board.STA_OK:    # Board begin and check board status
    print_board_status()
    print("board begin faild")
    time.sleep(2)
  print("board begin success")

  servo.begin()   # servo control begin

  while True:
    print("servo move to 0")
    servo.move(board.ALL, 0)
    time.sleep(1)
    print("servo move to 180")
    servo.move(board.ALL, 180)
    time.sleep(1)

    print("part servos move to 0")
    servo.move(0, 0)  #pwm0
    #servo.move(1, 0)  #pwm1
    #servo.move(2, 0)  #pwm2
    #servo.move(3, 0)  #pwm3
    time.sleep(1)
    print("part servos move to 180")
    servo.move(0, 180)  #pwm0
    #servo.move(1, 180)  #pwm1
    #servo.move(2, 180)  #pwm2
    #servo.move(3, 180)  #pwm3
    time.sleep(1)

数字端口例程

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time
import atexit
blinkPin=27
atexit.register(GPIO.cleanup)
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setup(blinkPin,GPIO.OUT)
while True:
    GPIO.output(blinkPin,GPIO.HIGH)
    time.sleep(1)
    GPIO.output(blinkPin,GPIO.LOW)
    time.sleep(1)

UART串口例程

Gravity:IO Expansion HAT for Raspberry Pi 有1路UART端口,通过树莓派(BCM编码)直接引出。

以SEN0285 Gesture&Touch Sensor传感器为例, 点击下载DFRobot_Gesture_Touch库文件 或者在终端中,依次键入如下指令,并回车:

    cd ~
    git clone <https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_Gesture_Touch.git>

下载后运行demo_gesture_touch程序

模拟端口例程

Gravity:IO Expansion HAT for Raspberry Pi拥有4路模拟端口, 在终端中,依次键入如下指令回车安装库:

    cd ~
    git clone <https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board.git>

下载后运行demo_adc程序

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-

'''
  # demo_adc.py
  #
  # Connect board with raspberryPi.
  # Run this demo.
  #
  # All or part adc channels value will print on terminal
  #
  # Copyright   [DFRobot](http://www.dfrobot.com), 2016
  # Copyright   GNU Lesser General Public License
  #
  # version  V1.0
  # date  2019-3-28
'''

import time

from DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board import DFRobot_Expansion_Board_IIC as Board

board = Board(1, 0x10)    # Select i2c bus 1, set address to 0x10

def board_detect():
  l = board.detecte()
  print("Board list conform:")
  print(l)

''' print last operate status, users can use this variable to determine the result of a function call. '''
def print_board_status():
  if board.last_operate_status == board.STA_OK:
    print("board status: everything ok")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR:
    print("board status: unexpected error")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_DEVICE_NOT_DETECTED:
    print("board status: device not detected")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_PARAMETER:
    print("board status: parameter error")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_SOFT_VERSION:
    print("board status: unsupport board framware version")

if __name__ == "__main__":

  board_detect()    # If you forget address you had set, use this to detected them, must have class instance

  # Set board controler address, use it carefully, reboot module to make it effective
  '''
  board.set_addr(0x10)
  if board.last_operate_status != board.STA_OK:
    print("set board address faild")
  else:
    print("set board address success")
  '''

  while board.begin() != board.STA_OK:    # Board begin and check board status
    print_board_status()
    print("board begin faild")
    time.sleep(2)
  print("board begin success")

  board.set_adc_enable()
  # board.set_adc_disable()

  while True:
    val = board.get_adc_value(board.A0)   # A0 channels read
    #val = board.get_adc_value(board.A1)   # A1 channels read
    #val = board.get_adc_value(board.A2)   # A2 channels read
    #val = board.get_adc_value(board.A3)   # A3 channels read
    print("channel: A0, value: %d" %val)
    print("")

    time.sleep(2)

PWM例程

Gravity:IO Expansion HAT for Raspberry Pi拥有4路PWM端口 在终端中,依次键入如下指令回车安装库:

    cd ~
    git clone <https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board.git>

下载后运行demo_pwm程序


# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-

'''
  # demo_pwm.py
  #
  # Connect board with raspberryPi.
  # Run this demo.
  #
  # All pwm channel will set frequency to 1000HZ, duty to 50%, attention: PWM voltage depends on independent power supply
  # If there is DC motors connect to pwm channle, they will move slow to fast, then loop
  #
  # Copyright   [DFRobot](http://www.dfrobot.com), 2016
  # Copyright   GNU Lesser General Public License
  #
  # version  V1.0
  # date  2019-3-28
'''

import time

from DFRobot_RaspberryPi_Expansion_Board import DFRobot_Expansion_Board_IIC as Board

board = Board(1, 0x10)    # Select i2c bus 1, set address to 0x10

def board_detect():
  l = board.detecte()
  print("Board list conform:")
  print(l)

''' print last operate status, users can use this variable to determine the result of a function call. '''
def print_board_status():
  if board.last_operate_status == board.STA_OK:
    print("board status: everything ok")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR:
    print("board status: unexpected error")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_DEVICE_NOT_DETECTED:
    print("board status: device not detected")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_PARAMETER:
    print("board status: parameter error")
  elif board.last_operate_status == board.STA_ERR_SOFT_VERSION:
    print("board status: unsupport board framware version")

if __name__ == "__main__":

  board_detect()    # If you forget address you had set, use this to detected them, must have class instance

  # Set board controler address, use it carefully, reboot module to make it effective
  '''
  board.set_addr(0x10)
  if board.last_operate_status != board.STA_OK:
    print("set board address faild")
  else:
    print("set board address success")
  '''

  while board.begin() != board.STA_OK:    # Board begin and check board status
    print_board_status()
    print("board begin faild")
    time.sleep(2)
  print("board begin success")

  board.set_pwm_enable()                # Pwm channel need external power
  # board.set_pwm_disable()
  board.set_pwm_frequency(1000)         # Set frequency to 1000HZ, Attention: PWM voltage depends on independent power supply

  while True:
    print("set all pwm channels duty to 30%")
    board.set_pwm_duty(board.ALL, 30)   # Set all pwm channels duty
    time.sleep(1)

    print("set part pwm channels duty to 60%")
    board.set_pwm_duty(0, 60)   # Set pwm0 channels duty
    #board.set_pwm_duty(1, 70)  # Set pwm1 channels duty
    #board.set_pwm_duty(2, 80)  # Set pwm2 channels duty
    #board.set_pwm_duty(3, 90)  # Set pwm3 channels duty
    time.sleep(1)

SPI端口例程

DFR0413 0.96 Inch OLED Display Module For Raspberry Pi WIKI链接

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